I Fell Behind on My Mortgage: How Will This Hurt My Credit?

Editor’s note: Beth Kotz with Credit.com has provided a special blog to explain the effects mortgage delinquency and loss mitigation have on credit.

By Beth Kotz

As a homeowner, your mortgage and your credit rating are inextricably linked. To make sure you maintain solid credit, the best thing you can do is make your mortgage payments on time each month.

Mortgages have a major impact on your credit rating and even have their own category on a credit report.

So if you’ve hit some financial bumps in the road and are unable to make your next payment, be aware that falling behind does have consequences. While one isolated incident won’t set you back too far, if you’re unable to pay for longer you should know how this will impact your credit and what impact loss mitigation options can have on your rating as well.

Delinquent Mortgage Payments and Your Credit

Mortgage contracts typically include a grace period. If you make a payment just a few days after the due date, it will likely fall within this period. The lender still counts the payment as being on time, so there is no negative effect on your credit. Grace periods are usually 10 to 15 days.

If you miss the due date and the grace period, a mortgage payment will be considered late. According to  Sarah Davies, Sr. VP, Analytics, Product Management and Research with VantageScore, “Becoming 30 days delinquent on a mortgage loan can cause even a high credit quality consumers’ credit score to decline by as many as 100 points.”

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Your lender will report the delinquency to credit reporting agencies. It will appear on your credit report as a “Late 30” note. If you make the payment within 30 days, this note will go away after the next reporting period, and will not cause lasting damage to your credit score.

When mortgage payments are more than 30 days late, however, or when a consumer is repeatedly late making payments, the adverse effects on credit are more serious. Paying your mortgage 90 days late or more will damage your credit score for up to seven years.

If you fall more than 120 days behind on your mortgage, the lender normally considers you in default. You will receive a “Notice of Default” (NOD). A NOD is the first formal action a lender takes in a process leading to foreclosure. Because a NOD is a public document, it will be noted on your credit record and can also cost you in the form of late fees and higher interest rates. However, it is not as damaging as a foreclosure.

When a consumer falls too far behind, the lender can foreclose on the home. If you lose your home to foreclosure, or if you give it back to the lender via a deed in lieu of foreclosure, your credit score will drop by approximately 250 to 280 points. Restoring your credit score to a place where you will be able to secure a new mortgage with a lower interest rate and better terms will take about three years of on-time, consistent payments.

However, foreclosure proceedings typically take months or years and you can still try to work out an arrangement with the lender. If you take the initiative to stay in touch and find an option that will work, most lenders will work with you.

Loss Mitigation and Your Credit

Loss mitigation is a “catch-all” term that refers to any option that will help a homeowner who is behind on a mortgage to get caught up. There are several such options, and they have varying effects on credit.

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If you realize you are faced with a financial problem such as job loss or unexpected medical bills, you can ask your lender for a forbearance. You may need to act immediately as lenders may not grant a forbearance if you are already seriously delinquent on your mortgage. Under a forbearance agreement, you make smaller payments or no payments at all for a period of time. After you resume regular payments, you will also need to make up the payment amount that was skipped during the forbearance. The good news is that a forbearance will not negatively affect your credit.

Another option you may have is a loan modification. Essentially, loan modifications are permanently restructured mortgage contracts. The key feature of a loan modification is that it requires the lender to list the debt as current or paid in full with credit reporting agencies as long as you comply with the loan modification requirements. You should beware loan modifications that don’t present rigorous qualification guidelines as they can actually be debt settlement arrangements – which will hurt your credit.

Loan modifications endorsed by the U.S. government – like the Home Affordable Modification Program (HAMP) – will not impact your credit. If you continue to meet the requirements of the loan modification program, the mortgage will continue to be reported as current and paid in full. Government assistance benefits are not reported to credit bureaus. As such, applying with Keep Your Home California will not affect your credit score.

If you’ve fallen behind on your mortgage, remember that the situation isn’t hopeless. The worst thing you can do is ignore the problem and wait for it to disappear. Be proactive, educate yourself about loss mitigation assistance and contact your lender right away. If you live in California, a great first step is to contact Keep Your Home California to see whether you might qualify for assistance.

Remember, the bank or other mortgage provider does not want your home. Foreclosure is an expensive last resort for the lender. If you take the initiative to keep in touch and do your best to work out an agreement that will bring your account up to date, it will minimize any harm to your credit.

559520_1767301903269_1946830701_n (1)Beth Kotz is a contributing writer to Credit.com. She specializes in covering financial advice for female entrepreneurs, college students and recent graduates. She earned a BA in Communications and Media from DePaul University in Chicago, Illinois, where she continues to live and work.

 


What is principal reduction and how does it help homeowners?

How much does principal reduction help homeowners struggling with their mortgage due to a financial hardship?

Just ask homeowners Charles and Kathleen, Gordon and Bettie, or Elaine (click the links and read their stories).

All these homeowners have benefited from Keep Your Home California’s Principal Reduction Program, which offers as much as $100,000 in principal reduction – all for free. In fact, almost 9,500 homeowners have been approved for the Principal Reduction Program.

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Charles and Kathleen

The popular program assists homeowners with unaffordable and/or underwater mortgages in California. About one of every eight homeowners with a mortgage in California has a negative equity mortgage.

Almost half of the homeowners approved for Keep Your Home California in second-quarter 2016 were enrolled in the Principal Reduction Program.

The program lowers principal – the amount owed on the mortgage – and also often reduces the monthly payment. In fact, the average homeowner approved for the Principal Reduction Program enjoyed a monthly mortgage payment reduction of $258, from $1,400 to $1,142.

That means fewer dollars owed and more money in your pocket. It’s a winning combination for everyone, from homeowners to local businesses.

San Francisco homeowners Charles and Kathleen save about $300 every month, thanks to Keep Your Home California’s Principal Reduction Program. “It’s like a weight taken off our shoulders,” Charles says.

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Elaine

The lower monthly payments have definitely helped Elaine of Southern California, who was forced into an earlier-than-planned retirement and receives significantly less income, mostly from Social Security. Her principal was reduced by $81,500, which lowered her monthly mortgage by almost $400.

 

“It’s really made a big difference,” Elaine says

Bettie and Gordon, also of Southern California, save a few hundred dollars every month from the program.

“That was probably one of the happiest days of our lives,” Bettie says of when she and her husband were approved for the Principal Reduction Program.  “The big thing is we are still in our home, and we can stay here.”

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Bettie

And that’s the goal behind the Principal Reduction Program. A vast majority of homeowners who have received principal reduction assistance from Keep Your Home California remain in their home two years later.

Keep Your Home California has three forms of principal reduction. Each plan helps homeowners in a unique way.

  • Principal Reduction-Affordability Provides principal reduction assistance to eligible homeowners with an unaffordable mortgage payment, defined as a debt-to-income ratio greater than 38% of the gross household income. The homeowner does not need to have an underwater – or negative equity – mortgage. The average homeowner has their principal balance reduced by $64,478, and the monthly payment by $296.
  • Principal Reduction-Recast Allows homeowners to obtain an affordable payment and lower total debt associated with their negative equity mortgage without using a servicer-provided loan modification. The rate and terms of the loan do not change, the loan is simply re-amortized based on the new, lower outstanding principal balance, which leads to lower monthly payments. The average homeowner has their principal balance reduced by $56,306, and the monthly payment by $217.
  • Modification In conjunction with a servicer-provided loan modification, program funds are used to lower the homeowner’s outstanding principal balance. The modification changes the terms of the mortgage to ensure the homeowner will have affordable monthly payments going forward. The average homeowner has their principal balance reduced by $37,193, and the monthly payment by $540.

Now, homeowners must have endured a financial hardship, such as a job loss, cut in pay, divorce, death in the family, extraordinary medical bills, or other financial challenges in order to qualify for the Principal Reduction Program. Keep Your Home California representatives will help determine whether the hardship qualifies for the program.

California Suburban Sprawl

 

Homeowners must meet county-by-county income requirements and their mortgage servicer – the company that collects the monthly payment – must participate in Keep Your Home California. Almost 190 servicers are enrolled in the Principal Reduction Program, including Bank of America, Wells Fargo and U.S. Bank.

Homeowners interested in learning more or applying for the program should call the counseling center at 888-954-KEEP (5337) or find more information at www.KeepYourHomeCalifornia.org or www.ConservaTuCasaCalifornia.org for Spanish speakers. The counseling center is open 7 a.m. to 7 p.m. weekdays and 9 a.m. to 3 p.m. Saturdays. Calls can be taken in virtually any language through a free translation service.

 

 


Sometimes change is good, especially when it provides as much as $100,000 in principal reduction for underwater homeowners

 

Keep Your Home California officials are always looking to improve the free mortgage-assistance program for hard-hit homeowners. The program has undergone many changes since starting in February 2011. The next four blog posts will detail many of these program changes – and how they help homeowners.

California’s housing market continues to improve, with double-digit price increases every month for the past 24 months (as of February 2014).

Despite the dramatic gains, many homeowners are still upside down or “underwater” on their existing mortgage, meaning they owe more than their home is worth. In fact, according to a recent CoreLogic report, nearly one out of every eight California homeowners with an existing mortgage owes more than the value of their home. In some regions, such as the Central Valley and Inland Empire, the percentage of homeowners with underwater mortgages is much higher.

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Keep Your Home California – a federally funded, state managed program – could help homeowners reduce their principal by as much as $100,000. The assistance provided through the Principal Reduction Program can get homeowners closer to being right-side-up on their mortgage. An improving economy and housing market could do the rest to return homeowners to a positive equity situation.

Since it started in February 2011, the Principal Reduction Program has undergone many changes with the goal of helping more homeowners who are struggling with their underwater mortgages.

For example, a dollar-for-dollar match requirement from mortgage servicers was eliminated in late 2012. This change was made to attract more mortgage servicers – mission accomplished (see below) – and make more homeowners eligible for the program.

In November, Keep Your Home California officials made another major change – a loan-to-value ratio of 140% or greater qualifies as a financial hardship, opening the door for more homeowners to apply for the Principal Reduction Program.

It’s a big change since homeowners must demonstrate a financial hardship in order to qualify for any of the four Keep Your Home California programs. Other types of qualifying financial hardships include a job loss, a decrease in income, a divorce, extraordinary medical expenses, etc.

These changes have allowed the free program to assist many more homeowners. Keep Your Home California approved 1,619 homeowners for the Principal Reduction Program in 2013, a huge increase from the 940 homeowners during the previous two years, combined. The $158.4 million in total Principal Reduction Program funds that were provided by the end of 2013, represented a 384.1 percent increase from the end of 2012.

Homeowners are also being approved faster – about 70 days during the fourth quarter, compared to 110 days since the program started. The average homeowner approved for the program received $77,000 in principal reduction – and enjoyed a 23 percent drop in their monthly mortgage payment, saving about $360 per month.

There are some additional requirements to qualify, including meeting the county-by-county income limits – from about $69,000 to $126,000 – and the homeowner’s mortgage servicer must participate in the program.

Currently, about 120 mortgage servicers – including Wells Fargo, Bank of America, Chase and Citibank – are enrolled in the Principal Reduction Program. In comparison, only 11 servicers participated in the principal reduction effort in December 2011.Change has been good for Keep Your Home California – and the thousands of homeowners who have benefited from the mortgage-assistance program. And officials will continue to look at new ways to improve the program.

If you have additional questions, would like more information or want to apply for the program, call 888-954-KEEP (5337) or visit www.KeepYourHomeCalifornia.org  (Spanish speakers should visit www.conservatucasacalifornia.org).

The counseling center is open 7 a.m. to 7 p.m. weekdays and 9 a.m. to 3 p.m. Saturdays.  Translators are available, so counseling sessions can be conducted in virtually any language.

Image courtesy of ddpavumba / FreeDigitalPhotos.net